Bonhoeffer discusses the meaning of the beatitudes in the context of Christian discipleship and here is a sampling of his thoughts as they apply to some of these.
“Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.”
Those that follow Jesus must renounce their own ‘righteousness too.’
“Followers will receive no praise for achievements or sacrifices…” and this applies to the righteousness of God on earth, but they must always look forward to the future righteousness of God…those who follow Jesus grow hungry and thirsty on the way. They are longing for the forgiveness of all sin, for complete renewal, for the renewal too of the earth and full establishment of God’s law… ‘My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?’ But the disciple is not above his master; he follows in his steps.
Happy are they who have the promise that they shall be filled, for the righteousness they receive will be no empty promise, but real satisfaction…they are blessed because they already enjoy this bread here and now, for in their hunger they are sustained by the bread of life, the bliss of sinners.”